Da die Moral durch Evolution entsteht, existiert sie in allen Gesellschaften und Kulturen.

Universelle moralische Werte wie die hier dargestellten kommen ohne bekannte Ausnahmen in allen menschlichen Kulturen vor und sind daher mit großer Wahrscheinlichkeit evolutive psychologische Phänomene (Brown, 1991).

Der Anthropologe Donald E. Brown erwartete nicht eine universelle menschliche Moral zu entdecken, aber er fand sie.

Er suchte nach gemeinsamen Zügen im Verhalten und Denken aller neurologisch normalen Menschen, unabhängig von ihrer Kultur. Er wollte eine Liste mit „menschlichen Gemeinsamkeiten“ in allen Gesellschaften erstellen.

Er fand heraus, dass es eine Reihe gleichbleibender ethischer Muster in allen Gesellschaften gibt.

Die Glaubenssysteme und Überzeugungen waren bunt und vielfältig auf allen Kontinenten. Bestimmtes Verhalten war jedoch überall verbannt. Vergewaltigung? - untersagt. Mord? grundsätzlich verboten.[1]

Andere Gemeinsamkeiten wurden festgestellt, wie z. B. Einfühlungsvermögen, Zusammenarbeit oder Scham. Das Leitbild der Fairness, usw. Von entwickelten westlichen Demokratien bis zu isolierten Eingeborenengesellschaften gab es „moralische Grundsätze.“[2]

Jahrzehnte interkultureller Forschung haben bewiesen, dass keine Gesellschaft ein Monopol auf gutes Benehmen hat. Moralisches menschliches Verhalten hängt nicht von der bevorzugten Religion oder Gottheit ab [3-7], sondern eher von den evolutionären Wurzeln.

Es gibt inzwischen eine überwältigende Anzahl an Forschungsergebnissen über Moralität in diversen Kulturen, von denen einige auf die allgemeinen moralischen Eigenschaften aufbauen, die Brown gefunden hatte.[8-11] Der Sozialwissenschaftler Ara Norenzayan fasst zusammen: ...die Verbindung von Religion und Moralität variiert kulturell; diese Abhängigkeit ist nicht vorhanden oder schwach in kleinen Gruppen und wird mit der Gruppengröße und der sozialen Komplexität über die Zeit zunehmen in den Gesellschaften.

Aussage 2
Aussage 4

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