Como la moralidad se adquiere a travйs de la evoluciуn, existe en todas las sociedades y culturas.

Como ocurre universalmente en todas las culturas humanas sin excepción conocida, la universalidad de la moralidad como la indicada aquí, es probablemente el fenómeno psicológico más evolucionado (Brown, 1991).

El antropólogo Donald E. Brown, no esperaba descubrir la unidad moral de la humanidad. Pero lo hizo.

El científico buscaba rasgos de comportamiento o cognitivos comunes a todos los seres humanos  neurológicamente normales, sin importar la cultura a la cual pertenecían. Su idea  fue describir la “universalidad humana” en todas las sociedades.

Su proyecto descubrió un número de patrones éticos constantes presentes en cada una de las culturas.

Los sistemas de fe y creencias de todos los continentes eran de múltiples y variados colores. Sin embargo cada uno excluía alguna conducta. ¿Violación sexual? – prohibida. ¿Asesinato? – Prohibido en todas.

Se identificaron otras características comunes. Por ejemplo, Empatía.  Cooperación. Vergüenza. El concepto de Justicia. Y así otros. Desde las democracias occidentales desarrolladas hasta las aisladas sociedades indígenas – “universalidad moral”.

Décadas de investigación multicultural ha demostrado que ninguna sociedad tiene monopolio de buen comportamiento. La conducta humana moral no depende de la religión o deidad preferida por uno, lo cual señala hacia sus raíces evolucionarias.

Hay ahora una gran cantidad de investigación mundial sobre la moralidad multicultural,  alguna de la cual se basa en la universalidad moral que descubrió Brown. El científico social Ara Norenzayan lo resume: “…La conexión religiosa con la moralidad es culturalmente variable; este vínculo es débil o está ausente en grupos pequeños, y se solidifica a medida que aumenta el tamaño del grupo la complejidad de la sociedad durante el tiempo a través de las sociedades.”

Declaración 2
Declaración 4


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